The Bombay Burmah Trading Corporation Ltd.
 


The Bombay Burmah Trading Corporation Limited
The Bombay Burmah Trading Corporation Limited
The Bombay Burmah Trading Corporation Limited
The Bombay Burmah Trading Corporation Limited
The Bombay Burmah Trading Corporation Limited
The Bombay Burmah Trading Corporation Limited

The Bombay Burmah Trading Corporation Limited

The Bombay Burmah Trading Corporation Limited

BOMBAY BURMAH - COFFEE


HISTORY

Our Group of eight estates are situated in the district of 'Kodagu' (Coorg) in Karnataka State, South India. Coorg is a hilly plateau bounded on the west and south by the Western Ghats. It is situated between latitude North 11.55' and 12.50' and longitude east 75.25' and 76.14' covering an area of approximately 4,105 sq.kms. (1585 sq.miles). The average elevation of the upper plateau is 1,066 mtrs. (3500 feet).

The main crop grown in Coorg is coffee with citrus (Coorg mandarins) and pepper interplanted within. Rice is grown in all the valleys and also cardamom. Coffee is grown under natural jungle shade and pepper is grown to trees as standards. Cultivation of all the above crops is intensive.

Coffee has been grown in Coorg for well over 100 years. Coffee was first planted in the Nalknad area by Moplahs, but it was not until 1854 that the first plantation was opened in the Madikeri area.

In South Coorg, the first plantation was opened in 1857 in the Bamboo District, Pollibetta and by 1894 over 28,733 hectares was in bearing. Much of this coffee was opened by planters from Ceylon, where the coffee estates had been ravaged by severe attacks of leaf disease (Hemeleia vastratrix). Unfortunately, the Ceylon planters had brought their practice of growing coffee without shade to South India and many of the early estates were wiped out by White-stem Borer (Xylotrechus quadripes). It was not until the Mysore practice of growing coffee under shade was introduced, that the estates made any headway.

In the 1890's Coorg produced 4,000 to 5,000 tonnes of coffee per annum and average yields were in the range of 370 to 495 kgs/hectare. By 1870 Reverend G. Richter records in the Manual of Coorg that our Fairlands and Oaklands Estates owned by Mr.J.Wright of Edinburgh had 158 hectares planted with coffee. It is thought that some of the earliest Robusta planting was carried out on our Mylatpur Estate where the Arabica was replaced by Robusta as the former was wiped out by borer and 'leaf disease'.

Choudicadoo, Fairlands, Toobenkolly, Banangala and Silpi Estates were purchased by the Corporation from the Elk Hill Coffee Estates, Ltd., Edinburgh on 30th January 1953. Raigode and Beetikadu Estates were acquired from the Executors of the late John Aird on 4th January, 1954. Mylatpur estate was purchased from Mrs. J.W. Whittekar on 4th March, 1958. Initially, these estates were run separately until amalgamation, which finally took place on 1st June, 1967.

ELK HILL COFFEE PLANTATION

The Elk hill and Fairlands Groups of Estates in Coorg were bought in December, 1952. This was followed by an additional purchase of the Raigode Group in January, 1954, Mylatpur Estate in April, 1957 and Karumbaramotte Estate in 1986.

At present, The Elk hill Group consists of 8 Estates, totaling 927 hectares of planted coffee (320 ha. for Arabica crop and 607 ha. for Robusta crop) and produces about 1000 Tonnes of clean coffee per year, on an average, out of which 50 Tonnes is organically cultivated coffee, which is in highest demand for export. The Estate has an in-house coffee curing facility, which ensures that the coffee is properly processed and does not loose its identity.

A part of Elk Hill Coffee (both Arabica & Robusta) has been upgraded to Gourmet Status, a recent trend in the Production, Marketing and Consumption of Coffee all round the World.

The Arabica bean is considered to be the best in the world and as such, the demand for Arabica beans is high on the specialty roaster market. Arabica (Coffea arabica), named for the Arabs, grows in semitropical climates near the equator, both in the western and eastern hemispheres, at high altitudes. Because ripe Arabica cherries (unroasted beans) fall to the ground and spoil, they must be carefully monitored and picked at intervals, which increases production costs. Robusta trees (Coffea canephora), which are grown exclusively in the eastern hemisphere, also thrive in equatorial climates, but at low altitudes.

The taste of our coffee beans is difficult to describe without using the words like smooth and mellow. They have a taste that is rich and delicate and invade the tongue with a delightful taste and divine aroma. Because of these qualities, they have won accolades from all over the world and are much in demand. We have won several awards for the premium coffee varieties.














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